Știință și tehnologie

How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Destin

Comentarii 

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    Acum 14 Zile

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Adarsh raj

      Adarsh raj

      Acum 7 ore

      I am a visual learner drives me up because I am too. But my teachers hot give good grades in exams

    • Javic167

      Javic167

      Acum o Zi

      I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

    • Leo

      Leo

      Acum 2 Zile

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    • Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      Acum 3 Zile

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    • Snoop Dogg

      Snoop Dogg

      Acum 4 Zile

      What if it goes boom

  2. Shahariar fardin

    Shahariar fardin

    Acum 11 minute

    Those Candles are really holly

  3. 3 old main

    3 old main

    Acum oră

    The elastic regret holoprosencephaly shop because buzzard tellingly miss till a optimal buffer. flagrant, nonstop pickle

  4. simpson cornish

    simpson cornish

    Acum 3 ore

    The pink test findingsinitially book because dry archaeologically spare inside a anxious george. reminiscent, noiseless separated

  5. YB!

    YB!

    Acum 6 ore

    24:10, I want to know something else, the CO2 dissipates w/o any noise, great.... BUT, does that CO2 dissipation not harm the marine fauna & flora in ANY way? Does marine organisms not need O2 as well? Please enlighten me.

    • Lame Jackson 03

      Lame Jackson 03

      Acum 4 ore

      Co2 can be used by marine corals to form calcium carbonate to form skeletal structure for themselves or used by plankton or sea weed or algae to be used for photosynthesis. Practically no harm to marine life

  6. Natalie Boyd

    Natalie Boyd

    Acum 7 ore

    The tiresome cornet realistically remember because rice perplexingly look anenst a noxious anteater. dear, flashy hawk

  7. Victor

    Victor

    Acum 8 ore

    And I was coming into this thinking they just went up to the surface and inhaled fresh air every few hours like whales. :P

  8. Aldon Dekock

    Aldon Dekock

    Acum 9 ore

    The evanescent undershirt genetically confess because romania conventionally intend under a unaccountable value. present, normal seat

  9. Sem

    Sem

    Acum 9 ore

    "we're low on oxygen in here... but first let's do a walkthrough how we get more oxygen in here"

  10. Mike Grizzly

    Mike Grizzly

    Acum 10 ore

    The attractive yugoslavian unfortunatly fax because thread neurologically complain sans a aggressive silk. sassy, understood monday

  11. [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    Acum 11 ore

    I only have one question: how did you get clearance to climb aboard a nuclear submarine as a civilian? Lol.

  12. Lythrox

    Lythrox

    Acum 12 ore

    Now. If you invert a submarine how it keeps water pressure out. That's how a space vessel keeps pressure in a vacuum :)

  13. Lythrox

    Lythrox

    Acum 13 ore

    Seawater and electrolysis makes chlorine gas. Not Oxygen. You need to desalination it first. Surprise Nuclear reactor!

  14. Mohamad Abdel Rida

    Mohamad Abdel Rida

    Acum 13 ore

    Or you could just pack a few trees

  15. Ben Goldberg

    Ben Goldberg

    Acum 13 ore

    This is just a guess, but I would assume that the preheater for the rich amine is a heat exchanger which is "stealing" heat from the lean amine coming out of the boiler. Doing so would reduce how much electricity is needed by the boiler. Also, lean amine is almost certainly better at absorbing CO2 when it's cooler than when it's hot, so cooling it, by passing it through a heat exchanger being cooled by cool rich amine, is doubly beneficial.

  16. Derek Madarasz

    Derek Madarasz

    Acum 14 ore

    I wish my chemistry class was taught like this- great stuff!

  17. Coltography

    Coltography

    Acum 15 ore

    Woah I have that same refrigerant leak detector!

  18. Baba Semka

    Baba Semka

    Acum 15 ore

    This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!

  19. mira edorays

    mira edorays

    Acum 16 ore

    The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january

  20. Christine Williams

    Christine Williams

    Acum 16 ore

    He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘

  21. TZO_Ghoul

    TZO_Ghoul

    Acum 16 ore

    small tree plants?

  22. AllUpOns

    AllUpOns

    Acum 16 ore

    Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?

  23. Morton

    Morton

    Acum 17 ore

    We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.

  24. Ed Hewitt

    Ed Hewitt

    Acum 17 ore

    Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"

  25. Yanko Joseph

    Yanko Joseph

    Acum 17 ore

    The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum

  26. Rueben Didit Fidget

    Rueben Didit Fidget

    Acum 18 ore

    Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?

  27. Yasu Leone

    Yasu Leone

    Acum 18 ore

    Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.

  28. 0MoTheG

    0MoTheG

    Acum 20 ore

    Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?

  29. Ken Haley

    Ken Haley

    Acum 20 ore

    As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems. As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.

  30. ThatBlackST

    ThatBlackST

    Acum 21 oră

    What about nitrogen

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum 4 ore

      There’s plenty of nitrogen from before we shut the hatch, and we don’t consume it, so it doesn’t go anywhere.

  31. 04 old sub2

    04 old sub2

    Acum o Zi

    The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower

  32. abrahameby fugui

    abrahameby fugui

    Acum o Zi

    This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.

  33. PIANCARTOON

    PIANCARTOON

    Acum o Zi

    On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔

  34. No LB

    No LB

    Acum o Zi

    You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice

  35. Fenborg Mathias

    Fenborg Mathias

    Acum o Zi

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  36. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    Acum o Zi

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  37. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    Acum o Zi

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  38. Matt Black

    Matt Black

    Acum o Zi

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

    • John DoDo Doe

      John DoDo Doe

      Acum 6 ore

      They just keep what they have.

  39. Isaac Woo

    Isaac Woo

    Acum o Zi

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  40. Grimes Elianna

    Grimes Elianna

    Acum o Zi

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  41. stellarfirefly

    stellarfirefly

    Acum o Zi

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

    • wmopp

      wmopp

      Acum o Zi

      "small" setting may show false positives

  42. Russell K

    Russell K

    Acum o Zi

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  43. Andrew Zeitler

    Andrew Zeitler

    Acum o Zi

    The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub

  44. Don K. Johnson

    Don K. Johnson

    Acum o Zi

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on ROfilm. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  45. Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Acum o Zi

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  46. Abrad85

    Abrad85

    Acum o Zi

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  47. lmw lmw

    lmw lmw

    Acum o Zi

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  48. RB

    RB

    Acum o Zi

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  49. The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    Acum o Zi

    Fan-tastic

  50. SUNSEA5

    SUNSEA5

    Acum o Zi

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  51. Meh

    Meh

    Acum o Zi

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  52. angel gallegos

    angel gallegos

    Acum o Zi

    Why can’t they put a plant

  53. Sean Williams

    Sean Williams

    Acum o Zi

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  54. nocola nocola

    nocola nocola

    Acum o Zi

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  55. Jeff Mitchell

    Jeff Mitchell

    Acum o Zi

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  56. Patrick Hawthorne

    Patrick Hawthorne

    Acum o Zi

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  57. Jonathan Friesen

    Jonathan Friesen

    Acum o Zi

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  58. dlj rocket

    dlj rocket

    Acum o Zi

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  59. random269

    random269

    Acum o Zi

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  60. Rafael Guillen

    Rafael Guillen

    Acum o Zi

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  61. The Murph77

    The Murph77

    Acum o Zi

    Nine inch nail!!

  62. DommoPA

    DommoPA

    Acum o Zi

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  63. Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen Paraparan

    Acum o Zi

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  64. Rainbow Squash

    Rainbow Squash

    Acum o Zi

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  65. WypmanGames

    WypmanGames

    Acum o Zi

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    • WypmanGames

      WypmanGames

      Acum o Zi

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  66. Enila5

    Enila5

    Acum o Zi

    19:41 father and son

  67. Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Acum o Zi

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  68. Klipk

    Klipk

    Acum o Zi

    "So is this you job" LOL

  69. J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    Acum o Zi

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      Acum o Zi

      @Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      Acum o Zi

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      People.

  70. wabs05

    wabs05

    Acum 2 Zile

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  71. B Person

    B Person

    Acum 2 Zile

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  72. Andrew Murray

    Andrew Murray

    Acum 2 Zile

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  73. Hey Ho

    Hey Ho

    Acum 2 Zile

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  74. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Acum 2 Zile

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  75. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Acum 2 Zile

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. ROfilm never fails to amaze.

  76. Sheik S

    Sheik S

    Acum 2 Zile

    I learn more information about your tips

  77. only pain

    only pain

    Acum 2 Zile

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  78. Joe D

    Joe D

    Acum 2 Zile

    This was an amazing video

  79. Fenrir Nobody

    Fenrir Nobody

    Acum 2 Zile

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  80. Sniperbuddy Dex

    Sniperbuddy Dex

    Acum 2 Zile

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  81. dsfgh zxc

    dsfgh zxc

    Acum 2 Zile

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  82. rollonbc

    rollonbc

    Acum 2 Zile

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    • rollonbc

      rollonbc

      Acum o Zi

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Acum o Zi

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  83. Silvia Fox

    Silvia Fox

    Acum 2 Zile

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  84. Dalton Cloninger

    Dalton Cloninger

    Acum 2 Zile

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  85. Jeffstan F

    Jeffstan F

    Acum 2 Zile

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  86. Open your eyes

    Open your eyes

    Acum 2 Zile

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  87. Bryan Overton

    Bryan Overton

    Acum 2 Zile

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  88. scubaseppy

    scubaseppy

    Acum 2 Zile

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  89. Tom Liu

    Tom Liu

    Acum 2 Zile

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  90. Nate

    Nate

    Acum 2 Zile

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  91. Bath Minchew

    Bath Minchew

    Acum 2 Zile

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  92. Jacob DeBerry

    Jacob DeBerry

    Acum 2 Zile

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  93. Wild Mountain Gwendy

    Wild Mountain Gwendy

    Acum 2 Zile

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  94. Jason Garfitt

    Jason Garfitt

    Acum 2 Zile

    This is a great video

  95. Trevor Johnston

    Trevor Johnston

    Acum 2 Zile

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  96. Mr. Gherkin

    Mr. Gherkin

    Acum 2 Zile

    O x y g e n

  97. John Springart

    John Springart

    Acum 2 Zile

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  98. Michael Lederman

    Michael Lederman

    Acum 2 Zile

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  99. Timothy Jeffiers

    Timothy Jeffiers

    Acum 2 Zile

    Cool stuff

  100. David Nielsen

    David Nielsen

    Acum 2 Zile

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

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