Why Robots That Bend Are Better

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

Comentarii 

  1. Dominador Cordova

    Dominador Cordova

    Acum oră

    Robot that bends are better.. and here I am looking at myself. Am I a robot?

  2. Definitely Decided name

    Definitely Decided name

    Acum oră

    Kiwi co crates are really cool especially the eureka crates

  3. Endless

    Endless

    Acum 2 ore

    If we take this to Mars, why do we have to inflate a balloon. Why cant we use another material that is flexible and soft. It has no risk to pop

  4. vbddfy euuyt

    vbddfy euuyt

    Acum 2 ore

    Bravo et merci

  5. Naveen B

    Naveen B

    Acum 3 ore

    Iss traveling at the speed of 8km/s ,but why they don't feel gravity inside?.

  6. Bruce McKay

    Bruce McKay

    Acum 5 ore

    The best bendy robot is Bender!!! There is no alternative!!!!

  7. Hacked

    Hacked

    Acum 7 ore

    Ok

  8. Jaques Merde

    Jaques Merde

    Acum 7 ore

    i really thought he said last "we will see more sex robots in the future" XD

    • vbddfy euuyt

      vbddfy euuyt

      Acum 2 ore

      Bravo et merci

  9. KrxzyFN

    KrxzyFN

    Acum 8 ore

    BRO YOUR 40 ?!?!?!?!? YOU LOOK 20

  10. Zhoutong Yang

    Zhoutong Yang

    Acum 8 ore

    “Safe around people” “W R R R R R R R R R R R R R R”

  11. Enterprise Galileo ll

    Enterprise Galileo ll

    Acum 9 ore

    Don’t let China enslave the United States of America. Do you think a Chinese mind could think up a robot like this😂😂😂✨ I don’t even think they would want to being enslaved the way they are. The best minds are free minds🧠

  12. Peter Quad

    Peter Quad

    Acum 9 ore

    I mean this could be perfect safe robot, i mean of course it will need stronger motors and everything but if you could crawl in, and i don't know imagine that building is in fire and you can't really get out this fella could do this.

  13. alfpolo29

    alfpolo29

    Acum 11 ore

    This year the 2021' will be the 20th anniversary on attack on Twin Tower in New York, even today if i think about it i see again the people fall,people that for not burn alive has choice to jump over the window and die...many times i think why not exist a system for can escape in safety on skyscrapers? Why Engineers,Scientists,Researchers dont have found some solution? In London in 2017 14 june has burn a Grenfell Tower,24 floor,72 people die burn alive or the "most lucky" suffocated on fumes...in the World are not rare atrocity like this,today skyscrapers are in all World,but system on safety again are not adequate...

  14. Manish Kumar

    Manish Kumar

    Acum 11 ore

    Sir how can I be a applied physicist

  15. Jackson

    Jackson

    Acum 14 ore

    Cool... I still prefer Gundam.

  16. D.I

    D.I

    Acum 17 ore

    It’s less scary than atlas

  17. Jurie Verster

    Jurie Verster

    Acum 17 ore

    Mark Rober.

  18. CaptainStink

    CaptainStink

    Acum 18 ore

    There’s a joke to be made there somewhere...

  19. Pidde Bas

    Pidde Bas

    Acum 20 ore

    Take a shot everytime he says compliance

  20. Sukshith S. M.

    Sukshith S. M.

    Acum 22 ore

    Hello sir.. Can you make video on why planets revolve in elliptical orbit (considering general relativity)

  21. Luqmaan Rashid

    Luqmaan Rashid

    Acum 23 ore

    From what I know, nothing of any use has been produced by soft robotics research for as long as people have been working on them. They're just useless university projects that go nowhere, just like those absolutely useless self-assembling cube robots that can do jack all. After the last Asimo, Boston Dynamics Atlus is the biggest advancemt we've made in the feild of robotics in the last 30 years.

    • Fing Book

      Fing Book

      Acum 14 ore

      @Huzufu yes, 30 yrs, then 15 years, then 6.5 yrs, etc.

    • Huzufu

      Huzufu

      Acum 18 ore

      Keep in mind these are still very early stages. It's worth exploring weird ideas like this because that's what science is all about. Even if it isnt very useful, at least it was explored fully. Only by trying and testing a ton of ideas can we stumble on revolutionary ones.

  22. Solutions & Débrouille

    Solutions & Débrouille

    Acum 23 ore

    Bravo et merci

  23. bouytt guyt

    bouytt guyt

    Acum o Zi

    0:08 Prototype of a freaking 'A.T.A.T.'

  24. Maxwell Baca

    Maxwell Baca

    Acum o Zi

    There is absolutely no point in trying. To stop this technology it is inevitable. The end of mankind by robotics is inevitable. Not in our lifetime or our children... But its 100% guaranteed

  25. Leviathan's Iris

    Leviathan's Iris

    Acum o Zi

    I love that this video showed up in my recs after a long string of Combat robotics videos xD

  26. Melon Collie

    Melon Collie

    Acum o Zi

    I don't think they'll ever be more capable than hard, rigid robots. I think hard robots will just get smarter A.I. and more joints and rotation points, thereby giving them a wider range of applications they can handle and being better at not hurting humans. Maybe some specific situations where they have to directly deal with people, but I think advanced A.I. and maybe a squishy shell applied to a hard robot would more than make up for that.

    • bouytt guyt

      bouytt guyt

      Acum o Zi

      tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

  27. commenty commenter

    commenty commenter

    Acum o Zi

    i like this style of video a lot more. not that design-by-committee network tv video like last time. small robot! soft submarines my g

  28. Zizi Gurra

    Zizi Gurra

    Acum o Zi

    The needless money happily play because sunflower inspiringly fax apropos a tan peripheral. wary, adjoining sailor

    • S S A

      S S A

      Acum 22 ore

      Hello bot man

  29. Alex Boi

    Alex Boi

    Acum o Zi

    Yo

  30. Bill Stickers

    Bill Stickers

    Acum o Zi

    It's just dawned on me you could tell people you're Elon Musk with that mask on

    • S S A

      S S A

      Acum 22 ore

      @commenty commenter if you think you dont need a genius level intellect to become the richest person on planet earth from scratch then I guess maybe

    • Ethan Shearer

      Ethan Shearer

      Acum 22 ore

      @commenty commenter That would be someone like Jeff Bezos. Elon is actually chief engineer at SpaceX. Does he delegate and have amazing teams of people who are also brilliant? Of couse, but he's far from just a rich owner.

    • commenty commenter

      commenty commenter

      Acum o Zi

      yeah except elon is not a genius, he's just a rich guy who owns the work of a bunch of scientists

  31. Captain Hamburgers

    Captain Hamburgers

    Acum o Zi

    How about making a video on air pressure? specifically testing if higher air pressure stops projectiles, what pressure humans could fly at without any power assistance if it makes a difference, and see if higher pressure would reduce terminal velocity so humans could survive any drop. Im interested for video game purposes rather than wanting humans injured lol.

  32. Nova Sama

    Nova Sama

    Acum o Zi

    what if u make the tubes out of sponge or permanent soft material?

  33. Marcin Geborski

    Marcin Geborski

    Acum o Zi

    Kiełbasa xD

  34. alex mejia

    alex mejia

    Acum o Zi

    I am satisfied with my care

  35. Evan Donaldson

    Evan Donaldson

    Acum o Zi

    Seth Rogan as a Robotics Major

  36. Drawerick 92

    Drawerick 92

    Acum o Zi

    I don´t find any of the Boston Dynamics robots creepy or terrifying, by the contrary I find them really astonishing, epic and gives me hope for a better future. All those comments about creppyness are the actual creepy stuf about human intelligence imo, also cringy and repetitive.

  37. XVHK Green

    XVHK Green

    Acum o Zi

    what a loser

  38. Jay Tee

    Jay Tee

    Acum o Zi

    Does it blend

  39. Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.

    Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.

    Acum o Zi

    *Many robots (including soft robots) are programmed for locomotion and other forms of motor control based upon the wiring principles of central pattern generators* (CPGs)-neural circuits that produce a wide frequency range of oscillatory rhythmic outputs even in the absence of sensory feedback-that have been adapted by evolution over hundreds of millions of years across the animal kingdom for axial, quadrupedal, and bipedal locomotion, as well as many other peculiar forms of locomotion, including rolling locomotion akin to that of the robot showcased in this video here. After several months of preparation, I'll soon be posting vids from my perspective as a Harvard neurobiologist and scientific editor/consultant. Cheers.

    • Xenobia Eve

      Xenobia Eve

      Acum 4 ore

      @BaRacK jOe-mAmA You reek of insecurity dear. Check into a proctologist pronto. Otherwise there's going to be a tonka truck full of poop victims. You'll thank me later.

    • BaRacK jOe-mAmA

      BaRacK jOe-mAmA

      Acum 5 ore

      @clemente pittsburgian lol

    • clemente pittsburgian

      clemente pittsburgian

      Acum 5 ore

      Finally a comment with an original thought and something unique to offer. Very cool stuff. Thanks for sharing.

    • BaRacK jOe-mAmA

      BaRacK jOe-mAmA

      Acum 7 ore

      @Stochastic Diety 1 thats a rlly weird coincidence because istg i litterally went out on my skateboard today and smoked a joint😅 2 you sent me on a quest to look for the 6k commebt and you can see how many comments ppl have and he has posted tgis exact comment a whoooolllllllleeee lot (which on its own is enough too piss me off becasue your not commenting to be funny or interesting your self promoting thats it) but none of them had 6k highest ive seen was 500 likes he mentions 1 thing he knows bit the rest of the comment is just repeating stuff but more stupid and longer

    • Stochastic Diety

      Stochastic Diety

      Acum 8 ore

      @BaRacK jOe-mAmA ??? Almost nothing in this comment was in the video. Central pattern generators were not mentioned in the video, which was the main focus of the comment here. Also, this dude did have #1 comment on this very vid earlier with like 6K likes. You do realize that the comment ranks shuffle around, so this guy obviously just posted again and now the comment isn't getting many views. Dude you are just trying to hate for the sake of hating. Go outside and smoke a joint or something.

  40. Akshay Pandey

    Akshay Pandey

    Acum o Zi

    After seeing this I could remember the robot in the interstellar movie. That was a great robot really. Change my entire visualisation of a robot.

  41. EnderGamerXP

    EnderGamerXP

    Acum o Zi

    tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

  42. Talal Alqarni

    Talal Alqarni

    Acum o Zi

    6:09 In inches? Ew. This is a joke.

  43. unconscious 7x

    unconscious 7x

    Acum o Zi

    next title: why female robots that bend are better

  44. alexander jimenez

    alexander jimenez

    Acum o Zi

    The dry pull lilly mix because tempo orly moan out a makeshift customer. chivalrous, humorous jump

  45. Naved Hasan

    Naved Hasan

    Acum o Zi

    *Just built different*

  46. Paul Gary

    Paul Gary

    Acum o Zi

    Reminds me of the IROBOT chembot

  47. Hugo

    Hugo

    Acum o Zi

    these bots are built different

  48. spideral187

    spideral187

    Acum o Zi

    That background noise is his beard scratching isn’t it?

  49. Radhey Mishra

    Radhey Mishra

    Acum o Zi

    Maaannnnn....... I love this guy

  50. PixelDough

    PixelDough

    Acum 2 Zile

    I suppose you could call them... Bender robots

  51. B T

    B T

    Acum 2 Zile

    Solution looking for a problem

  52. Dick Cheese

    Dick Cheese

    Acum 2 Zile

    how tf would u pressurize the tubes in space without air

    • mortaché de muerte

      mortaché de muerte

      Acum o Zi

      Air is inside the tubes, not outside. Compressed air cans and closed loops

  53. Doesn't Matter

    Doesn't Matter

    Acum 2 Zile

    it useless, and worthless............defeats the purpose of a robot,,,,,,,,you cant mount anything to it.

  54. P-ART

    P-ART

    Acum 2 Zile

    Robot: *Bends* Humans: "Its better!"

  55. Dismantle HAARP

    Dismantle HAARP

    Acum 2 Zile

    Pretty much y'all are gay

  56. sehhi vooty

    sehhi vooty

    Acum 2 Zile

    I am severely disappointed in the lack of hard robot jokes.

  57. Dustin Olsen

    Dustin Olsen

    Acum 2 Zile

    How about a robot built out of fluids or even magnetic fields 😯

  58. Roger McCarty

    Roger McCarty

    Acum 2 Zile

    just take a body shaped balloon bit the same mechanics on the in side and sow it up easy someone do this plz

    • FetalKnievel

      FetalKnievel

      Acum o Zi

      Let's think this through, Rog. Body shaped balloon is a great framework. Imagine compliant 'muscle' tubing on the underside of the skin. The pneumatic driver could be in the hip area, and processing in the head. Assuming you could maintain air pressure effectively with a strong fabric and expandable lining, that doesn't seem like an impossible task.

    • Roger McCarty

      Roger McCarty

      Acum 2 Zile

      nvm that wouldent work idk

  59. INFOCUS Media

    INFOCUS Media

    Acum 2 Zile

    Very nice.........SOFT?, just stay away from those sharp corners for now, until they develop blowup motors, aluminum, electricity, bots, nuts, you get my drift!

    • sehhi vooty

      sehhi vooty

      Acum 2 Zile

      That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

  60. Richard Key

    Richard Key

    Acum 2 Zile

    All these so called 'smart guys' wearing face diapers for a bs flu with 99.97 survival. guess none of them read their savior fauchis paper on why the spanish flu was compounded and got so bad (hint masks)

  61. EE Ehrenberg

    EE Ehrenberg

    Acum 2 Zile

    But Betamax is a hard robot. It just has an inflated balloon around it. The core and its movement is all hard structure.

  62. Durpswag Jr.

    Durpswag Jr.

    Acum 2 Zile

    So its soft, and can change shape....great?

  63. aboodi the destroyer

    aboodi the destroyer

    Acum 2 Zile

    "Why robots that bend are better" Bender: 😁

  64. Cian Mac phaidin

    Cian Mac phaidin

    Acum 2 Zile

    This is baymax's great grandad

  65. ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψ

    ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψ

    Acum 2 Zile

    Hm... Rigid robot uses: Manufacturing, Building, warfare, secondary phases of colonization. Soft robot uses: Medicine, direct human contact usage, rescue, first phases of colonization.

  66. Ben Dover

    Ben Dover

    Acum 2 Zile

    Thought you meant bend like Bender Rodriguez

  67. Raf Takt

    Raf Takt

    Acum 2 Zile

    bender agrees

  68. Erik Laken

    Erik Laken

    Acum 2 Zile

    Aan deze militaire natte droom die volledig geheim en verboden ondezoek bevat ga je niet gelijk dood . Parkingson, Altzheimer, mad cow zijn door prion veroorzaakte ziektes die pas over 2 jaar zich breed gaan manifesteren. Nu snap je de Angst van overheden.

  69. Yundt Rosamond

    Yundt Rosamond

    Acum 2 Zile

    The envious riverbed admittedly punish because can sicily arrest into a victorious composition. fretful, ragged arch

  70. Erik Laken

    Erik Laken

    Acum 2 Zile

    Dit is er aan de hand. Sars-CoV-2 A Weaponized Prion Disorder Disquised as Respiratory Disease. Hier werken groot machten als China, Rusland en Amerika al jaren in het geheim aan en is helaas ontsnapt uit een biolab in Wohan.

  71. Zach Hammond

    Zach Hammond

    Acum 2 Zile

    This is awkward

  72. XENO VADER

    XENO VADER

    Acum 2 Zile

    Its like the strandbeests

  73. tomey tomey

    tomey tomey

    Acum 2 Zile

    there's no air in space

  74. J Villain

    J Villain

    Acum 2 Zile

    That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

  75. Onin D.

    Onin D.

    Acum 2 Zile

    "Why Rockets that Bend are Better"

    • Aayush Dhungana

      Aayush Dhungana

      Acum 14 ore

      Lol 😂😂

  76. Your Slavic Friend

    Your Slavic Friend

    Acum 2 Zile

    These are nicer than humanoid, because a human like machine that can move, interact and talk is creepy

  77. Sameer Tariq

    Sameer Tariq

    Acum 2 Zile

    8:46 Bay Max from Big-Hero 6 came to mind when he said that.

    • Sameer Tariq

      Sameer Tariq

      Acum 2 Zile

      Nevermind he mentioned it lol.

  78. Boisq

    Boisq

    Acum 2 Zile

    only thing i didnt like about this video is that your voice keeps changing sides

  79. SAGAR KUMAR BISWAS

    SAGAR KUMAR BISWAS

    Acum 2 Zile

    FROM YOUR GRAVITY VIDEO EVERYTHING ACCELERATES UPWARDS THEN IN THE CASE OF NEWTON AND APPLE INITIALLY THE APPLE AND NEWTON WERE ACCELERATING UPWARDS AT THE SAME RATE THEN IT GETS RELEASED FROM THE TREE AND HITS NEWTON. BUT HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN IF THEY BOTH WERE ACCELERATING AT THE SAME RATE?

    • Cam S

      Cam S

      Acum 2 Zile

      The apple was attached to the tree by its stem while accelerating. The stem broke from this force and stopped accelerated while everyone around it (including Newton) continued to accelerate.

  80. Mauricio Tejeda Davila

    Mauricio Tejeda Davila

    Acum 2 Zile

    no comments or jokes about Futurama's Bender? im disappointed in y'all

  81. PETARDAwNABIAL

    PETARDAwNABIAL

    Acum 2 Zile

    >its soft, so its safe around humans ...

  82. Piotr Biesek

    Piotr Biesek

    Acum 2 Zile

    kielbasa :D

  83. kenh tong hop

    kenh tong hop

    Acum 2 Zile

    good video

  84. Muhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin

    Muhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin

    Acum 2 Zile

    Why I cant even see the sub button? Serious Question.

  85. Miguel Antonio Buenaventura

    Miguel Antonio Buenaventura

    Acum 2 Zile

    i preffer my robot stiff

  86. bodoti qwiu

    bodoti qwiu

    Acum 2 Zile

    We now have the ability to create Baymax irl

    • Secret Ninja

      Secret Ninja

      Acum 2 Zile

      Nice stats

  87. Skylark Landing

    Skylark Landing

    Acum 2 Zile

    Baymax is my favorite soft robot

  88. Travis Dark

    Travis Dark

    Acum 2 Zile

    half of boston robot dynamic videos are cgi anyways lmfao!!

  89. Lord Habitaxe of Prydonia

    Lord Habitaxe of Prydonia

    Acum 2 Zile

    Michael Rosen called it, guys ***bendy bendy bendy! Bendyy bendyy***

    • Nit3mare_btw

      Nit3mare_btw

      Acum 2 Zile

      nice pfp 👍

  90. Ramesh Lamichhane

    Ramesh Lamichhane

    Acum 2 Zile

    TRY TO VISIT BOSTON DYNAMICS AND EXPLORE THE THINGS THERE WHAT ACTUALLY THEY ARE DOING IN MAKING INCREDIBLE ROBOTS

    • bodoti qwiu

      bodoti qwiu

      Acum 2 Zile

      we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

  91. Imroz Towhid

    Imroz Towhid

    Acum 2 Zile

    TARS? is that you?

  92. Bartek S

    Bartek S

    Acum 2 Zile

    Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️

  93. MR.terra69

    MR.terra69

    Acum 2 Zile

    Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr

  94. hivek mosat

    hivek mosat

    Acum 2 Zile

    The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person

  95. jwpx11

    jwpx11

    Acum 2 Zile

    Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.

    • jwpx11

      jwpx11

      Acum 2 Zile

      Yea ikr it has to do with Einstein's theory of relativity and curved spacetime

    • Christian Nieves

      Christian Nieves

      Acum 2 Zile

      lol what? hahahhaha

  96. mind.hacker999

    mind.hacker999

    Acum 2 Zile

    I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!

  97. Carlo052 G

    Carlo052 G

    Acum 3 Zile

    Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs

  98. CrazyNoodles

    CrazyNoodles

    Acum 3 Zile

    Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars

    • shomproons

      shomproons

      Acum 17 ore

      "A thing isn't beautiful because it lasts." - Vision

  99. Reanetse Moleleki

    Reanetse Moleleki

    Acum 3 Zile

    Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.

  100. Toughen Up, Fluffy

    Toughen Up, Fluffy

    Acum 3 Zile

    It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.

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